Also known as PID
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is inflammation or infection of the reproductive system in the pelvis. PID can be caused by STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea and mycoplasma genitalium. PID only affects people with a vagina and uterus.
Download a fact sheet in other languages:
PID is an infection or inflammation of the organs in the pelvis, including the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Sometimes PID develops after pelvic procedures such as pregnancy termination.
Many people don’t have any signs or symptoms. Those that do have symptoms may have:
PID is diagnosed by a health practitioner using:
The tests can include an STI test, the exclusion of pregnancy and sometimes an ultrasound.
PID is treated with a combination of antibiotics over several weeks.
Untreated PID may cause chronic pelvic pain and can damage the fallopian tubes causing difficulties getting pregnant or an ectopic pregnancy.
Studies show that after one episode of PID you may have decreased your chances of a successful pregnancy by around 10%. After two or three episodes, this figure rises to 50%.
The best way to protect yourself from PID is to:
This fact sheet provides general sexual health information and is not intended to replace the need for a consultation with your doctor.
If you have concerns about your health, you should seek advice from your doctor.
If you require urgent care, you should go to your nearest Emergency Department or call 000.